What are Variables?
Before you can use a variable, you must declare it. To declare a variable, you use the var (for variable) keyword, followed by the identifier (or variable name).
var variablename var totalCost
You can declare multiple variables in one statement by separating them with commas.
var totalCost, preTaxCost, taxAmount
Once a variable is declared, you can assign it a value. To assign a value to a variable, you use the assignment operator (=). Example:
lastName = Deacon; totalCost = 120;
A shortcut (and the typical way developers write code today) is to combine the declaration and assignment all in one statement. Example:
var lastName = "Deacon"; var netTotal = 120; var tax = netTotal * 8.5% var totalCost = netTotal + tax;
In the first example above, the text string “Deacon” is assigned to the variable lastName (text strings are always enclosed with quotation marks). In the second example, the value 120 is assigned to the netTotal variable. In the third example, the variable tax is assigned the value assigned to the variable netTotal, multiplied by 8.5 percent. In the last example, the values of the variables netTotal and tax are added together, assigning the resulting value to the variable totalCost.
Confused? Good (based on the fact you answered no, of course).
Following are the various assignment operators (yes, there are more than just =):
- = Assigns the results/value on the right to the variable on the left.
- += Adds the results/value on the right to the variable on the left.
- -= Subtracts the results/value on the right from ythe variable on the left.
- *= Multiplies the variable by the result of the expression.
- /= Divides the variable by the result of the expression.
- %= Stores the modulus of the variable and the result of the expression in the variable.
Note: If an expression contains both a string and number, the number is converted to a string before the expression is processed.
Here’s some examples of common scenarios where these expressions would be used.
var total = 23.95; - the variable total contains the value 23.95 grossTotal = total += 76.05; - the variable grossTotal contains the value 100.00 var firstName = "Dennis"; var lastName = "Deacon"; var name = firstName + " " + lastName; var fullName = "Dennis"; fullName += " "; fullName += "Deacon";